We need tax and fiscal policies that upset some!..”The role of a leader is to persuade voters of the need for reform, rather than just to follow public opinion.” but we have no leadership, and no honest debate .. The media find health too complex, and in a media led society this is part of the collusion of anonymity and denial. Where the author mentions priorities – rad rationing.
June 5th in the Times: Theresa May should stop tinkering and start spending Rachel Sylvester
To solve the crisis in health and social care, the PM must come up with tax-raising policies that risk upsetting people
Politics is a bit like playing Monopoly. Leaders start the game with a pot of political capital that is gradually eroded by power. As they go around the board dealing with events, they spend more to build up a property empire of popular support. There must be an element of risk-taking and ruthlessness, as well as responsibility. Luck is required, but also the wisdom to know that you must create your own good fortune. The winner is the person with the most capital left when the country goes to the polls, even if everyone is almost bankrupt.
……There is a chance for the prime minister to play a winning hand on the NHS in the year of its 70th anniversary but it will require a courage that she has so far lacked. Jeremy Hunt, who yesterday became Britain’s longest-serving health secretary having fought off No 10’s attempts to move him at the last reshuffle, is pushing hard for more money and he knows reform is also required. Boris Johnson is piling in with demands for a “Brexit dividend” for the NHS, while Sajid Javid wants to overturn the “hostile environment” of immigration and relax visa restrictions on foreign doctors. Philip Hammond understands the need for resources to cope with an ageing population. If the settlement is to be more than a sticking plaster that falls off at the first hint of rain, however, leadership from the prime minister is needed to win some difficult arguments.
The NHS crisis is also a social care crisis in which nearly one in ten hospital beds are taken up by patients who are well enough to go home, a situation that is traumatic for families and damaging to the health service. There needs to be much greater integration between the health and social care systems, with budgets reallocated people in the community. That will mean closing hospitals or reducing the number of wards — a political taboo for many MPs — but if Mrs May is serious about reform it is a row worth having.
It costs about £250 a day to keep somebody in hospital and only £100 for a domiciliary care package, so rebalancing the system would save money and be better for patients. In six areas where the NHS is piloting a scheme to send doctors and nurses into care homes, emergency hospital admissions have fallen. Wakefield reduced ambulance callouts by 9 per cent and the number of days spent in hospital by care home residents by 26 per cent, while in Sutton there was an 18 per cent drop in bed days.
The prime minister also needs to make the case for tax rises, including on the elderly. According to the Institute for Fiscal Studies, spending on healthcare will have to increase by an average of 3.3 per cent a year over the next 15 years, and social care funding by 3.9 per cent, just to maintain current provision. In other words, the NHS needs an extra £2,000 from every household to continue functioning properly. On top of that, the government must introduce a cap on care costs to end the unfairness that some people who have to spend years in residential care end up with crippling bills while others pay nothing. That would cost about £6 billion a year. Such sums cannot be raised by trimming budgets or cutting costs — there needs to be a public debate about priorities.
Mrs May is understandably nervous about engaging in this discussion after the fiasco over the “dementia tax” during the last general election campaign. That policy, however, was fatally flawed because it increased the amount that many people would have to pay for social care without spreading the risk. It therefore created a political problem without solving the policy dilemma.
There is growing cross-party support among MPs for working pensioners to pay national insurance. At the moment a 64 year old and a 66 year old doing the same job take home different amounts because pensioners are exempt from the deductions, which is illogical and unfair. The levy could be turned into a dedicated health and social care tax, which could be put up or down each year in line with demand. Billions more could be raised by scrapping the planned cut in corporation tax and abandoning the now-annual fuel duty freeze. There may also need to be adjustments to property taxes to ensure those with the greatest assets contribute more. None of this will be popular with everyone but the role of a leader is to persuade voters of the need for reform, rather than just to follow public opinion.
The rumour in Whitehall is that the government is heading towards a promise of a 3 per cent boost for the NHS. Tory MPs have been told it is “not helpful” to ask for more than that. As one senior backbencher puts it: “That would be treated with dismay because it doesn’t even keep the health service at standstill.”
To govern is to choose. If she wants to have a legacy beyond Brexit, Mrs May should approve a proper funding settlement for health and social care, involving radical reform, rather than tinkering around the edges with a package that pleases no one.
One senior Conservative MP says that the prime minister has “to a quite extraordinary extent no leadership in her DNA”. It is time to break with the habit of a lifetime and roll the dice if she wants to get another chance to pass Go on the political Monopoly board and collect £200.